Benevento

Benevento

The city of Benevento is in the inland area of Campania region, located between the rivers Sabato and Calore, with a past rich of history and stunning and suggestive monuments which testimony centuries of glorious events.

It’s a city which can be defined as an open-air museum. Well known as the “City of witches”, also thanks to its famous liqueur, the history of this magic city can be summarised in three main periods: Roman, Lumbard and Pontifical. Each period left historical and artistic evidences of great value. The Arch of Trajan, located in the city centre, was built between A.D. 114 and 117 in honour of the emperor Trajan, at the beginning of Via Traiana, which shortened the route from Benevento to Brindisi; the Roman Theatre, built according to the wished of Caracalla, is popular for its excellent acoustics; the Arch of Sacrament. During the Lumbard period, following the fall of the Kingdom of Pavia, the city became a principality thanks to Arechi who created numerous architectural works, being a lover of arts and culture, such as S. Sofia church, with its beautiful cloister, and Civitas Nova, with its perimeter walls.

The end of Lumbard domination marks the transition of Benevento to the pontifical rule: architectural evidences of this period are the majestic Rocca dei Rettori, the Duomo, Palazzo Paolo V, Basilica di S. Bartolomeo and Basilica della Madonna delle Grazie. With the unification of Italy, Benevento freed from the pontifical rule and was declared Province of Italy by the Decree of 25 October 1860 of Giorgio Pallavicini. It is worth a visit at the Hortus Conclusus, in the garden of the ex-convent of S. Domenico, in Piazza Guerrazzi, a set of significant sculptural elements of the artist Domenico Paladino, constituting a single finished work.

Places to see

Arch of Trajan; Roman Theatre; Arch of Sacrament; San. Ilario Church; Ponte Leproso; Rocca dei Rettori; Church and Cloister of Santa Sofia; Lumbard walls; the Duomo; Paolo V Palace; Basilica di San Bartolomeo; Basilica Madonna delle Grazie; Hortus Conclusus.